The International Patent Classification (IPC), established by the Strasbourg Agreement 1971, provides for a hierarchical system of language independent symbols for the classification of patents and utility models according to the different areas of technology to which they pertain. Impaired passive range of movement 3. They have the highest visual acuity and/or a visual field of less than 20 degrees radius. Click play on the video below to view the International Paralympic Committee’s (IPC) introduction to swimming at the Paralympics. NPCs have to notify World Para Swimming a minimum of 6 weeks before the competition if they are sending their athletes with 'New', 'Review' or 'Review with Fixed Review Date' (of the current year) sport class status to a competition where international classification is offered. Paralympic swimming is an adaptation of the sport of swimming for athletes with disabilities. To get classified an athlete has to, • be registered and licensed in the SDMS database, • be entered in minimum one 100m S event (freestyle, backstroke, butterfly) and 100m SB event (breaststroke) (swimmers with a physical impairment only), • be entered in 200m freestyle or 100m backstroke and 100m breaststroke (swimmers with an intellectual impairment only), • be minimum 12 years old (for younger swimmers please contact the World Para Swimming office), • be able to swim all four strokes (minimum 50m) with correct technique. International classification status may be granted if the following criteria are fulfilled: • The competition is approved/sanctioned by IPC/World Para Swimming, • The competition has open entry or has established qualification criteria approved by World Para Swimming (i.e. Intellectual Once classified, swimmers are allocated an Athlete Classification Status Where a swimmer is allocated a classification (S1-S14) they will also be allocated relevant exception codes. Observation during competition. Swimmers are classified according to the type and extent of their disability. The classification was created by the International Paralympic Committee and has roots in a 2003 attempt to address "the overall objective to support and co-ordinate the ongoing development of accurate, reliable, consistent and credible sport focused classification systems and their implementation.". Swimmers compete individually in backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle, individual medley, and as teams in relay races. NPCs requesting a classification review for their athletes with classification status 'Confirmed' or 'Review with Fixed Review Date' need to fill out the Medical Review Request Form (below) and send it at least 3 months in advance to IPC Swimming together with supportive medical documents. At the Paralympics, World Championships and other elite level competitions, swimmers compete in an Olympic-size swimming pool. One more class, S14, is reserved for swimmers with Swimmers are classified according to the type and extent of their disability. Requests without supportive documents can not be taken into consideration. Paralympic swimmers compete at the Summer Paralympic Games and at other sports competitions throughout the world. Swimmers are classified with regards to their functional ability on each stroke, and can compete in freestyle, backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke and medley events. [3], Blind and visually impaired swimmers compete within separate categories, being allocated to categories 11, 12 or 13. [4], Swimmers with mental disabilities compete in category 14. [3] Category 11 swimmers compete with blackened goggles to ensure competitors are on an even level. Classification Form for Athletes with a Physical Impairment. Classification is intended to group together athletes with similar levels of physical ability to allow fair competition. Swimmers with physical disabilities are allocated a category between 1 and 10, with 1 corresponding to the most severe types of disability. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympic Games. Adenauerallee 212-214, 53113 Bonn, Germany. Official website of World Para Swimming - find out about paralympic athletes, classifications & rules, plus follow the competitive events of this sport. Click her… Official website of World Para Swimming. Allow at 2-3 months for the process to be complete. Leg-length difference 5. Category 11 swimmers are also required to use tappers but they are optional for category 12 and 13. Both men and women compete in Paralympic swimming, racing against competitors of their own gender. Table Tennis Table tennis classification More following the link. Para-swimming classification is a function-based classification system designed to allow for fair competition in disability swimming. Physical disabilities of Paralympic swimmers include single or multiple limb loss (through birth defects and/or amputation), cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries (leading to paralysis or disability in limb coordination), dwarfism, and disabilities which impair the use of joints. Competitors may start a race by standing on a platform and diving into the pool, as in non-disabled swimming, or by sitting on the platform and diving in, or they may start the race in the water. Classification Form for Athletes with an Intellectual Impairment. History. If any questions, contact Australian Paralympic Committee classification@paralympic.org.au Phone: 02 9704 0500. Forms for World Para Swimming Classifiers ONLY. For example, a relay team for a 34 points freestyle relay may consist of two S8 swimmers and two S9 swimmers (9 + 9 + 8 + 8 = 34), or an S10 swimmer and three S8 swimmers (10 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 34) [5]. The classes are prefixed with "S" for freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events, "SB" for breaststroke and "SM" for individual medley events. +49 228 2097 209 Definition. Classification Information Sheet - Para-Swimming This information is intended to be a generic guide to classification for Para-Swimming. The classification system allows swimmers to compete against others with a similar level of function. Classification is the bedrock of the Paralympic movement, … Athletes that are found NE during classification can not compete in World Para Swimming recognised competitions at all. Ten primary impairments are outlined by the IPC Classification Code. History. Paralympic Programs. Paralympic classification offers sport opportunities for athletes with impairments. Para swimming Swimming classification More following the link. : "The IPC should have come and given evidence themselves, as they were invited to but declined to do." Short stature 6. Based in Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S. Paralympics, a division of the nonprofit United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee, is dedicated to … Consent Form. Swimming Australia manages the National Para-swimming Classification Masterlist. Hypertonia 7. 1. A new version of the IPC enters into force each year on January 1. This list includes athletes who have been classified in accordance with World Para-swimming Classification Rules and Regulations, Paralympics Australia’s Classification Policy and Swimming Australia’s classification policy. An "S" prefix corresponds to freestyle, backstroke and butterfly, while "SB" corresponds to breaststroke and "SM" to the medley. In order to ensure a fair competition athletes in the S/SB11 sport class are required to … In events for the blind and visually impaired, people called "tappers" may stand at the end of the pool and use a pole to tap the swimmers when they approach the wall, indicating when the swimmer should turn or end the race. Paralympic Games, World Championships, Regional Championships). Men's swimming 100m Backstroke S6 Final from the London 2012 ParalympicGames. With 14 different classes, the number of events for each class is reduced and race distances can range from 50m to 400m (although only Freestyle races are held at this distance). Those with visual impairments are placed in three additional classes: S11, S12 and S13. Para-swimming classification is a function-based classification system designed to allow for fair competition in disability swimming. Swimmers with physical disabilities are divided into ten classes based on their degree of functional disability. Athlete to arrange an appointment with their Ophthalmologist and take the Provisional The current para-swimming classification set out by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) uses classes S1 – S10 for different levels of physical impairment, with a lower number indicating a more severe impairment. Rules for the sport are adapted from those set forth by the International Swimming Federation (FINA). The classification system allows swimmers to compete against others with a similar level of function. "It is clear there are winners and losers to the new processes," he said. The classes are prefixed with "S" for freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events, "SB" for breaststroke and "SM" for individual medley events. Classification. Athetosis 9. New IPC rules require all Para-swimmers to undergo international classification before the Tokyo Paralympics in 2020. 4. Ataxia 8. [3], For relay races, athletes from different classifications compete together, but the sum of their individual classifications must not exceed a given points total. [3], Numbers are combined with a letter prefix depending on the event type. Visual 10. The classification of athletes in this sport is performed by authorised classifiers according to the classification rules of the sport, which are determined by the International Federation World Para-Swimming. The International Paralympic Committee recognises the fastest performances in swimming events at the Paralympic Games.Swimming has been part of at every Summer Paralympic Games.. The U.S. Paralympics Swimming National Database includes all athletes whose classification information is on file with either the IPC, WPS and/or U.S. Paralympics. Paralympic Swimming - Classification. Each IPC sport has processes and procedures for classification which conform to guidelines laid down by the IPC. This classification is for people with intellectual disabilities. NPCs requesting international classification for their swimmers with a physical impairment with classification status 'New' or 'Review' have to upload the Medical Diagnostics Form for Athletes with a Physical Impairment (below) with the relevant medical documentation in English (requested for all Physical Impairment swimmers regardless of their diagnosis) a minimum 6 weeks before the start of competition to the SDMS database. NPCs requesting international classification for their swimmers with an intellectual impairment have to submit the TSAL-Q questionnaire (below) in accordance with the S14 classification rules and regulations, to World Para Swimming. The classification was created by the International Paralympic Committee and has roots in a 2003 attempt to address "the overall objective to support and co-ordinate the ongoing development of accurate, reliable, consistent and credible sport focused classification systems and their implementation." Classification Masterlist. Classification and Consent Form for Athletes with a Vision Impairment. Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics. For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee … The classes are prefixed with "S" for freestyle, butterfly and backstroke events, "SB" for breaststroke and "SM" for individual medley events. Significant differences between able-bodied and Paralympic swimming include the starting position and adaptations allowed for visually impaired swimmers. The sport is governed by the International Paralympic Committee. Each race occurs in a 50m pool, the total distances to be covered vary from 50m to 400m. Category 11 corresponds to totally blind swimmers, while competitors in category 13 have severe but not total visual impairment. Loss of limb or limb deficiency 4. NPCs requesting international classification for their swimmers with a vision impairment have to upload the Medical Diagnostics Form for Athletes with a Vision Impairment (below) a minimum of 4 weeks before the start of competition to the SDMS database. The events are open to athletes with physical, intellectual or visual impairments. SWIMMING. Classification helps to ensure the type and severity of an athlete’s impairment has a minimal impact on the outcome of a race, event or match, meaning the fastest, strongest or best athletes in each class should succeed in their sport. [2] No prostheses or assistive devices may be worn during competition.[1]. Rio 2016: An A-Z of Paralympic sport classifications An athlete’s classification may change for different swimming strokes because the nature of their impairment may affect their ability to perform a particular stroke. Para-athletics classification is a system to determine which athletes with disabilities may compete against each other in para-athletics events. At World Para Swimming competitions Intellectual Impaired athletes are only allowed to swim the Individual Medley once they have a classification status 'Confirmed' or 'Review' for both S and SB sport classes. Para-swimming classification is a function-based classification system designed to allow for fair competition in disability swimming. Paralympic swimming is an adaptation of the sport of swimming for athletes with … Swimming has been a part of the Paralympic program since the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy.[1]. International classification is for elite level swimmers. Classification processes of each Paralympic Sport share common features, but as the functional activities of each sport or discipline vary, the outcomes of the process are specific to each sport. • have national experience in swimming competitions. Swimming is governed by the IPC and coordinated by the IPC Swimming Technical Committee, which incorporates the rules of the International; Swimming Federation (FINA). S/SB13: Athletes have the least severe vision impairment eligible for Paralympic sport. Updated August 31, 2012 16:58:43 If there is one major difference between the Olympics and the Paralympics it is the concept of classifications, and it can be quite confusing to the uninitiated. • All classifiers conducting classification(s) are appointed by World Para Swimming. Opportunities for classification and the classification schedules can be found under Classification Opportunities. Medical Diagnostics Form for Athletes with a Physical Impairment, Medical Diagnostics Form for Athletes with a Vision Impairment, TSAL-Q questionnaire for Athletes with an Intellectual Impairment,  Medical Review Request Form - for athletes with 'C' and 'R' status, The fully completed forms need be uploaded to the SDMS and all classification queries can be send to World Para Swimming at info@worldparaswimming.org, Forms for World Para Swimming Classifiers ONLY, Classification Form for Athletes with a Physical Impairment, Classification and Consent Form for Athletes with a Vision Impairment, Classification Form for Athletes with an Intellectual Impairment, Calculations for dysmelia and multiple amputation, Adenauerallee 212-214, 53113 Bonn, Germany. ... Para swimming), other sports are specific to one E ligible I mpairment (e.g. The British Paralympic Association and Home Country Associations (Scottish Disability Sport in Scotland) take the lead from the IPC in recognising eligible sports participants. There are ten different types of impairments: 1. Hence, a swimmer with severe physical disabilities competing in backstroke may compete in an S3 event, while a blind swimmer in the medley would compete in class SM11. Rio Paralympics 2016: An A-Z of Paralympic sport classifications. Impaired muscle power 2. Category:World record holders in paralympic swimming, https://m.paralympic.org/swimming/classification, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paralympic_swimming&oldid=976456947, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 01:29. Para-swimming classification Last updated November 03, 2019. 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