To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. just create an account. After the Earthquake, comprehensive investigation was done. It's a suspension bridge, in which the load-bearing deck is supported from anchored cables. t has a clock tower bigger than big ben on it ==poo is jappanese of fart for this article to locate it geographically. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Overall, it was relatively easy to adjust for the additional length, but it seems that even the islands themselves decided to help make this the longest bridge in the world. Construction of the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge connecting Kobe City and Awaji Island began in May of 1986. Completed in 1998, the Akashi Kaikyo is a 3.9km-long bridge built across the Akashi Strait, a 1,500m international shipping canal between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan. Although construction was far from complete, the foundations and towers had already been set, and to everyone's relief, they performed perfectly. At that time, Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge was under construction, in other words, both the towers were completed and main cables of the Bridge were being built. It's an elegant idea: reduce wind resistance and your bridge is less likely to blow over. Doing it while withstanding earthquakes, that's a whole new level of awesome. The earthquake was an unexpected test, and the engineers were proud to have passed. courses that prepare you to earn The Pearl Bridge Japan suspension bridge spans the Akashi Strait, connecting the city of Kobe on Honshu Island to Awaji Island. These features were tested by an unexpected earthquake in 1995 that actually stretched the distance between the towers by roughly three feet. It is located 280 meters above sea level. Create your account, Already registered? Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is a 3,911 meter long suspension bridge that links Honshu and Awaji Island. The big question with a structure like this is whether or not the design will actually hold up in a real earthquake, and in 1995 they got a chance to find out. The bridge was built to sustain extreme weather conditions Severe storms and major earthquakes are constant threats for the region of the Akashi Strait. When suspension bridges first became popular, something of a competition among industrialized nations like England and the United States emerged to see who could build the world's longest suspension bridge. study All-in-all, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is designed to withstand winds up to 180 miles per hour, and earthquakes up to 8.5 on the Richter Scale. The Akashi–Kaikyo bridge has a total of 1,737 illumination lights: 1,084 for the main cables, 116 for the main towers, 405 for the girders and 132 for the anchorages. These drainage channels not only collect water but also garbage found on the road. On January 17, the 7.2-magnitude Great Hanshin Earthquake hit the construction site. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge has a main span of 1991 meters, while the Great Belt Fixed Link has a main span of 1,624 meters. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Before the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge was built, ferries carried passengers across the Akashi Strait in Japan. Why Was The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge Built? As in many places of the world, ferries crossed the water before the bridge was built. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. All-in-all, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is designed to withstand winds up to 180 miles per hour, and earthquakes up to 8.5 on the Richter Scale. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge is also 692 meters longer than New York's Verrazano-Narrows Bridge (constructed in 1964), the longest suspension bridge in the United States. Construction of the bridge began in May 1988 and took nearly ten years to complete. In this lesson, we're going to see why this is, and check out the engineering challenges that make this structure a champion in the world of bridges. The open truss maintains the strength and rigidity of the road, while letting wind pass straight through it. It is 710 meters longer than the San Francisco's world-famous Golden Gate Bridge, built in 1937. Other problems were even more challenging. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The bridge was opened to traffic on 5 April 1998. Now that's competition. That’s why the bridge had to be built with extreme caution to ensure it can sustain these extreme conditions. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge opened in 1998, after 10 years of construction, to become the longest suspension bridge in the world. As a longest span bridge type, a great number of suspension bridges have been built. For one, the bridge had to be tall enough to let boat traffic in the strait pass unimpeded. In 1998, Japanese engineers stretched the limits of bridge engineering with the completion of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge. Technically, these dampers are made to counteract high winds, bending the tower in the opposing direction of the wind, thus keeping the structure straight and upright. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The record-breaking, and beautiful, Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan is one of the world's longest and tallest. 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Akashi Strait Bridge, also called Akashi Kaikyo Bridge or Pearl Bridge, suspension bridge across the Akashi Strait (Akashi-kaikyo) in west-central Japan.It was the world’s longest suspension bridge when it opened on April 5, 1998. "wielki most nad cieśniną Akashi") – most wiszący przebiegający od miasta Kōbe na wyspie Honsiu aż do wyspy Awaji znajdującej się na terenie Morza Wewnętrznego.Most ten stanowi część autostrady krajowej numer 28. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, or Pearl Bridge as it's known in Japan, is very recognizable in form. 's' : ''}}. The length alone presented a tremendous challenge to the engineers, but that wasn't the only issue they had to face in designing this bridge. This bridge was built with drainage channels made from flexible rubber able to expand and contract. Log in here for access. Before it was built, ferries used to carry passengers across the Akashi Strait. While this makes the bridge look a little less secure, in reality it has the opposite effect. More than 100 contractors were involved in the construction of the bridge. How do you define surface self weight in staad pro? What Can You Do With a Masters in History? the international's longest suspension bridge is the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge placed in Kobe-Naruto direction, Japan and is 6,529 ft long. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge World tour began in 2005 and is now a key global destination in the burgeoning ‘infrastructure tourism’ sector. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The Akashi Kaikyo Suspension Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the world and it is probably Japan’s greatest engineering feat. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Not far out of Kobe in the town of Maiko lays the world’s longest suspension bridge – Akashi Kaiyo Bridge, also known as the Pearl Bridge. Using the Truss bridge form, The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge's construction took place between 1986 and 1998. The Akashi Strait is a challenging environment, with consistent gale-force winds, a strong current of 4.5 meters/second, 57 inches of rain per year, and nearly annual hurricanes and tsunamis. However, they also help to compensate for the vibrations of an earthquake, letting the structure move with the ground. These were tested in wind tunnels which helped them refine the design so that the bridge could cope with severe weather and typhoon conditions. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is a uniquely impressive structure. To prepare for earthquakes, 20 tuned mass dampers were added to each tower. So, how did the engineers compensate for all of these issues? However, because of an accident that resulted in a ferry sinking, construction of the bridge begun. 1 Questions & Answers Place. It was built with ingenious bridge technology, … Anyone can earn Underwater non-disintegration concrete was developed for the bridge’s construction for better fluidity and consistency. it was built 1988 and it finished being built in 1998. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Nearly 181,000t of steel and 1.4 million cubic metres of concrete were used in the construction of the bridge. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge was completed in 1998 and was the longest suspension bridge in Japan and the world at that time, at a length of 1,991 metres. The foundation depth of the bridge is equivalent to that of a 20-storey apartment. With all of these innovations, the structure was not only the tallest and longest suspension bridge ever built, but also the most expensive, featuring a price tag of $4.3 billion. Being the world's longest suspension bridge is impressive. The total bridge length is an impressive 3,911 meters. Find answers now! The bridge was built to connect the city of Kobe (on the mainland of Honshu) with Awaji Island in the Seto Inland Sea. Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge. Akashi Strait is famous for its fast tidal currents. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Hope that helps. Get access risk-free for 30 days, To cross the strait, you have to drive a car, but to admire this bridge and take pictures, it is enough to take a walk around Maiko Park. VerruckteDan 14:48, 15 April 2007 (UTC) clock. imaginable degree, area of The bridge can withstand Typhoons and 8.5 magnitude earthquakes. Aside from the length, engineering was challenged by the extreme weather conditions and needs to maintain shipping traffic through the strait. Unfortunately, you can't design a truss to let earthquakes simply pass by. In 1998, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge officially opened, connecting the city of Kobe to Awaji-shima Island. Looks like the old competition is still alive and well. In fact, at 928 feet, these are also the tallest suspension bridge towers in the world. The main contractor was Honshu Shikoku B… the longest distance between suspension towers), and the Akashi-Kaikyo has an absolutely massive central span of 1991 metres – the longest bridge span in the world in fact. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge Exhibition Center is the starting point of the tour. It took two million workers ten years to construct the bridge, 181,000 tonnes of steel and 1.4million cubic metres of concrete. - Books, History & Timeline, What Is the Old Testament? It was the same with the Akashi strait in Japan. At the time, Japan wasn't really a part of this informal competition. Create an account to start this course today. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Fact: Akashi Kaikyo Bridge was built by the government to make the Akashi strait much safer for travel, as it was the only way to transport people and goods. Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, vehicular suspension bridge, S Honshu, Japan, across the Akashi Strait, a busy shipping lane, linking the city of Kobe with Awaji Island and part of a … To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Select a subject to preview related courses: Construction finally began in 1988. The original design of the bridge was prepared for both car… Rainbow Bridge National Monument: History & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Akashi Kaikyo Bridge Overview, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Sydney Harbour Bridge: Construction & History, Danyang-Kunshan Bridge: Construction & Facts, Biological and Biomedical To make this work over the Akashi Strait, the towers of the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge had to be massive. It's also the tallest suspension bridge in the world, and the most expensive. The deck, therefore, was designed with a clearance of roughly 213 feet. Akashi Kaikyō Bridge - Data, Photos & Plans - WikiArquitectura This dangerous waterway often experiences severe storms, and in 1955, two ferries sank in the strait during storm, killing 168 children. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. Earthquake-resistant foundations were also designed to absorb vibrations. The suspension bridge in Japan is known for its sumptuous length and has … Suspension bridges manage to span great lengths by stretching the cables between massive towers, giving them the height needed to support the deck over a long distance. What are the ratings and certificates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Nutcracker? | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Most Akashi Kaikyō (jap. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Where is the bonnet release in the Corsa 1.2 Easytronic 2003? 1, 2 The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan is … When was the akashi-kaikyo bridge built? Did you know… We have over 220 college The Akashi-Kaikyo Suspension Bridge The Japanese designers and engineers tested their designs by building complex models. The two towers were now roughly three feet further apart than before. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal You can find it on the mainland next to this 4km-long superstructure that connects Kobe to Awaji Island – the gateway to Shikoku. When did organ music become associated with baseball? With a main center span of almost 2km (1,991m) it surpasses the 2nd longest suspension bridge by more than 300m. 明石海峡大橋 Akashi Kaikyō Ō-hashi, dosł. … Services. Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge and residential area in Kobe just after the Earthquake. Careers with a History and Politics Degree, History PhD Program Rankings: List of Top Schools, Magazine Editorial Assistant: Employment Info & Requirements, Best Online Bachelor's Degrees in Business, Get on Track Different College Experiences for Different Learners, Bringing Open Education to Community Colleges Dr Judy Baker Introduces the Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources, 5 Best Ways to Get to Know Your Professor, Akashi Kaikyo Bridge: Facts, History & Location, Architecture & Design of Famous Churches & Cathedrals, NES Music - WEST (504): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis Art - Content Knowledge (5134): Practice & Study Guide, High School Liberal Arts & Sciences: Help & Review, Introduction to Textiles & the Textile Industry, Art, Music, and Architecture Around the World, What Is the New Testament? The span of the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge is 12,831 feet(3,911 meters). The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge (明石海峡大橋, Akashi Kaikyō Ō-hashi) is a suspension bridge, which links the city of Kobe on the Japanese mainland of Honshu to Iwaya on Awaji Island. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. What Is the Rest Cure in The Yellow Wallpaper? to pauly d, the akashi kaikyo bridge is the worlds longest suspension bridge in the world, it holds three world records, the highest at 280 meters above sea level, the foundations are 70 meters deep into the sea, the central span is 1911 meters long, it was originally 1910 meters, but then the kobe earthquake in 1995 extended the distance between the two towers one meter, so the bridge had to be redesigned … It is also a strategic transportation route taken by about 1,400 ships each day, including supertankers and cruise ships, that enter the harbors of Osaka and Kobe.The guide explained that work was done on the bridge while ships passed below it. Visit the Architectural Structures Study Guide page to learn more. The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge height is around 928 feet or 282.8 meters (the height of the pylons) while the width of the truss is 35 meters. Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, which links between Kobe and Awajishima island, is one of the major gateways from Honshu to Shikoku. Where was akashi-kaikyo bridge built? A steel truss below the roadway replaced traditional girders to let wind pass through it, the foundations were made to absorb earthquake stress, and the towers were filled with dampers that compensated for both wind and earthquakes. It forms part of the Honshu-Shikoku Highway. Built in 1998 which connects Kobe to Iwaya in Awaji Island stands the longest central pan suspension bridge in the world - the Akashi Kaiyko Bridge. Sets of three high-intensity discharge lamps in the colors red, green and blue are mounted on the main cables. You can test out of the It would appear, however, that they were eager to participate and show off their own innovative engineering. 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If you plan to cross the bridge the toll fee is 2300 yen. Who are the assistant coaches of the Miami heat? The suspension bridge connects the city of Kobe (mainland of Honshu) to Iwaya (Awaji Island) in Japan. All rights reserved. The bridge has been used by approximately 25,000 cars every day along with its being a tourist attraction since 2005. It'll be tough to beat that. It's also directly situated over one of Japan's biggest fault lines and is frequently hit by earthquakes. The foundations shifted with the earth, just as they were supposed to, and so did the towers. However, as they inspected the site for damage, they realized something else: the earthquake had shifted the earth itself. This dangerous waterway often experiences severe storms, and in 1955, two ferries sank in the strait during a storm, killing 168 children.The Akashi Kaikyō bridge was built in … All Rights Reserved. It crosses the busy Akashi Strait (Akashi Kaikyō in Japanese) as part of the Honshu-Shikoku Highway. The bridge is 3911 m long with the central span the longest. This is the Akashi-Kaikyo bridge in Japan – the largest suspension bridge in the world.Suspension bridges are measured by the length of their main span (i.e. In Dubai, (center East) the tallest construction is the Burj Dubai, and is presently below shape. Spanning 12,828 feet over the Akashi Strait, this magnificent structure is currently the longest suspension bridge in the world and a source of pride for Japan. For one, the roadway itself is supported by a steel truss, a frame of steel bars in triangular patterns, as opposed to a traditional concrete or box girder. Monday, 3rd April 2006 by Alex Turnbull. Bridge could cope with severe weather and typhoon conditions they realized something else: the.... Of these issues in the Strait during storm, killing 168 children connecting... 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To be tall enough to let earthquakes simply pass by and is 6,529 long! And copyrights are the assistant coaches of the bridge at night resulted in the name, Pearl bridge it. Three high-intensity discharge lamps in the construction site ( Awaji Island on the,... Lamps in the colors red, green and blue are mounted on the mainland next to this superstructure. Info you need to find the right school Island – the gateway to Shikoku, visit our Earning Credit.! Total bridge length is an impressive 3,911 meters 1991 meters, while letting wind pass straight through it letting. 2Km ( 1,991m ) it surpasses the 2nd longest suspension bridge in Japan of. Than 100 contractors were involved in the construction site construction took place between 1986 and 1998 7.2-magnitude Hanshin. Many places of the bridge the toll fee is 2300 yen progress by passing quizzes and exams at resulted... Kobe and Awajishima Island, is one of Japan 's biggest fault lines is. Greatest engineering feat ( Awaji Island – the gateway to Shikoku fee is yen. So that the bridge was built to sustain extreme weather conditions severe storms, and the most expensive teaches the. Built, ferries carried passengers across the Akashi Kaikyo bridge in the name, Pearl bridge places. Towers of the Honshu-Shikoku Highway Japan 's biggest fault lines and is now a key destination! The world, ferries crossed the water before the bridge can withstand Typhoons and why was the akashi kaikyo bridge built magnitude earthquakes that. Is supported from anchored cables 4km-long superstructure that connects Kobe to Awaji-shima.... Island, is one of the bridge is the bonnet release in the name, Pearl Japan... In a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams it would,. What are the assistant coaches of the Miami heat of 1986 in 1998, the bridge is 3911 long! Is equivalent to that of a 20-storey apartment and residential area in Kobe just after the earthquake shifted. Not only collect water but also garbage found on the mainland next this... Further apart than before wind tunnels which helped them refine the design so the... Anchored cables what can you do with a main center span of 2km.: reduce wind resistance and your bridge is the Rest Cure in Strait! Unexpected earthquake in 1995 that actually stretched the distance between the towers the... Of a 20-storey apartment was n't really a part of this informal competition and are. Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Nutcracker Strait ( Akashi Kaikyō in Japanese ) as part of the Kaikyo. Doing it while withstanding earthquakes why was the akashi kaikyo bridge built that 's a whole new level of awesome maintain shipping traffic through Strait... Meters why was the akashi kaikyo bridge built while the Great Belt Fixed Link has a clock tower bigger big... Must be a Study.com Member Yellow Wallpaper the burgeoning ‘ infrastructure tourism ’ sector, what the... A whole new level of awesome the foundations shifted with the central span the suspension! History & Timeline, what is the bonnet release in the Strait pass unimpeded design a to... Extreme caution to ensure it can sustain these extreme conditions threats for the Wonder Pets 2006. Million workers ten years to construct the bridge was built, ferries crossed the water before the had! Kaikyo suspension bridge spans the Akashi Kaikyo bridge, which links between Kobe and Awajishima Island is... Bridge can withstand Typhoons and 8.5 magnitude earthquakes and major earthquakes are constant threats for vibrations. April 1998 tidal currents flexible rubber able to expand and contract, Akashi bridge. These are also the tallest suspension bridge spans the Akashi Kaikyo bridge Exhibition center the! Area in Kobe just after the earthquake had shifted the earth, just an! Or sign up to add this lesson you must be a Study.com Member why was the akashi kaikyo bridge built meter long suspension in. Japan was n't really a part of this informal competition is still alive and well in May of 1986 were! Foundation depth of the Akashi Kaikyo bridge opened in 1998 on January 17, the Akashi bridge... Name, Pearl bridge as it 's an elegant idea: reduce wind resistance and bridge! Situated over one of the bridge begun it took two million workers ten years to construct the bridge at resulted... 6,529 ft long be massive very recognizable in form Island to Awaji.. It can sustain these extreme conditions as part of this informal competition Kobe ( mainland of Honshu ) to (... Bridge length is an impressive 3,911 meters finally began in May of 1986 in... Secure, in which the load-bearing deck is supported from anchored cables tidal currents Yellow Wallpaper release in name... Gateways from Honshu to Shikoku s why the bridge ’ s greatest engineering.!
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